What Is CBD?

Welcome to the wonderful world of Cannabidiol (CBD)! More and more people want to know how to use CBD as a way to feel better, relax and manage physical ailments. In this article I would like to share with you the facts you have to know about CBD.

Consider this your CBD 101.

The Summary:

CBD – which is short for “Cannabidiol” – happens to be one of the 113 chemical compounds called “Phytocannabinoids” that can be extracted from the Cannabis plant.

As a dietary supplement it has many benefits beyond its nutritional value: CBD has helped people deal with and alleviate anxiety, depression, sleep deprivation, substance abuse, chronic pain, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and much more.

You can take CBD as CBD Hemp oil in the form of drops, pills, spray, chewing-gum or e-liquid. Basically, you can eat it, vape it or chew it.

You may say “If CBD is extracted from the Cannabis plant, will it get me high?”

The answer is short and simple: “No. CBD will not get you high.”

“How can that be?” you may ask. Let me explain. Although CBD is an extract of the Cannabis plant only its “sister” phytocannabinoid THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is known for its psychotropic effect on the human mind. THC makes you high.

Although derived from Cannabis, CBD can legally be purchased in many countries. On the other hand, THC is heavily regulated in the form of medical Marijuana and even still illegal altogether in many countries.

The Details:

Now, after this really short introduction, let’s dive a bit deeper into CBD. Get ready for a handful of information.

CBD Has Many Benefits for Your Mind and Body

In the 2013 article titled “Cannabidiol for neurodegenerative disorders : important new clinical applications for this phytocannabinoid?”1https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3579248, Javier Fernández-Ruiz, Onintza Sagredo, M Ruth Pazos, Concepción García, Roger Pertwee, Raphael Mechoulam, and José Martínez-Orgado have found that CBD can act as an…

anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-oxidant, anti-emetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia

CBDs physiological benefits include:

  • Anti-inflammatory properties helping with Multiple Sclerosis (MS)2https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14963641/
  • Symptom-relieving properties for managing pain3https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21456949/
  • Anticonvulsant properties helping with epilepsy4https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7413719/, 5https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21924288/
  • Relaxation properties helping with sleep disorders6https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16844117/

CBDs psychological benefits include:

  • Antipsychotic properties helping with anxiety7https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20945065/
  • Antipsychotic properties helping with depression8https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20002102/
  • Antipsychotic properties helping with schizophrenia9https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10837858/, 10https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21592732/

Please take into account that the research into these properties has been conducted on animals but the studies do point to repeatable, scientific observation of the benefits of CBD.

CBD will not get you high because it is – unlike THC – not psychoactive

Next to CBD, you’ve probably heard of another more (in)-famous cannabinoid called “THC.” THC – or Tetrahydrocannabinol – is the compound that creates the “High” when Marijuana is ingested or smoked. THC is therefore what makes Marijuana a drug. THC has a psychoactive effect on the brain. Getting high on THC often includes a heightened sense of euphoria, you start to see things differently. Your mood may get better or worse, depending on your psychological makeup. Because of this effect on the human nervous system, products that contain THC are highly regulated and, unless meant to be prescribed and used as medicine (usually referred to as “Medical Marijuana”), these products are illegal to cultivate, possess and to sell in most countries.

The good news is that, in contrast to THC, CBD is absolutely not psychoactive11https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3579248. CBD will not get you high. In fact, CBD is even said to act against a THC-induced “High” and can help you get into a normal state of mind faster. Most often, CBD is extracted from Cannabis plants that were cultivated to produce a lot of CBD and only residual amounts (if any) of THC.

CBD Is Legal In Some Countries and Illegal in Others

Even though CBD has many benefits, it is still illegal in many countries because it can be a Marijuana-based (THC-high) extract. It is a Schedule I drug in the United States12http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/22/1_MeetingAbstracts/711.1 and a Schedule II drug in Canada13http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-38.8/. CBD is legal to purchase and consume in Germany for example.

Before buying CBD, please make sure you have read and understand your country’s legal requirements.

CBD is short for Cannabidiol.

Cannabidiol is one of 113 known so-called cannabinoids that can be extracted from the Cannabis plant. Cannabinoids, such as CBD, are chemical compounds that act on our cells’ cannabinoid receptors. These receptors in our cells control many physiological processes such as our appetite, our experience of (or lack thereof) pain, our overall mood and our ability to remember things. Now, because Cannabis is a plant, those 113 different cannabinoids are also called “Phytocannabinoids” because they’re (Phyto) plant-based. Other studied Phytocannabinoids you will find THC, CBN, CBC, CBG, CBL, CBV and many more.

CBD Is Found in CBD Hemp Oil At Various Concentrations and Forms

As a nutritional supplement, CBD can easily be ingested. The most common way to purchase and take CBD is in its oil form. You can also, depending on your taste, buy sprays, chewing gums and e-liquid to ingest CBD. Generally, these products range in their concentration of CBD to serving. Oils have concentrations that range from 5% to up to 40%. Depending on the amount of CBD per serving, the prices go up. The more CBD, the more expensive the product.

Besides CBD, these products also often contain Omega-3 fatty acids, Terpenes, Vitamins, Chlorophyll, Amino Acids, among other phytocannabinoids like cannabichromene (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN) and cannabidivarin (CBCV).

CBD Hemp Oil and “Hemp Oil” are two different things

Here is another common misconception that you should know about. Oil that contains CBD in various concentration and straight up Hemp Oil are two different things. Hemp Oil is similar to, let’s say, Olive Oil. You can eat Hemp Oil, cook with it mostly for its nutritional value and taste. Hemp Oil is made only from the seeds of hemp and contains neither CBD nor THC or any other cannabinoids.

CBD oil is made from all parts of the plant. Usually the full plant is used to extract oil that contains CBD: The flowers, leaves, stalks are all processed. For CBD Oil, plants are used that are high in CBD and very low in THC. This way, CBD oil can be sold legally in many countries.

As an overview, I hope this has helped you get an idea what CBD is and is not. I hope you have also learned what CBD can and cannot do for you as a dietary supplement and medicine.

Thank you for reading!

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References   [ + ]

1, 11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3579248
2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14963641/
3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21456949/
4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7413719/
5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21924288/
6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16844117/
7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20945065/
8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20002102/
9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10837858/
10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21592732/
12. http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/22/1_MeetingAbstracts/711.1
13. http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/C-38.8/

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